Since the 1990's Querétaro has been one of the fastest growing and developing cities in Mexico in terms of population, industrial and economic development. This makes it an attractive place to migrate to. However, due to the housing demand this has produced, Querétaro’s unplanned urban sprawl has gone beyond the city’s previous limits, making the urban plan of the early 90's completely obsolete. A high demand has raised the cost of land, although local salaries have not risen accordingly. Hence, there is need for affordable housing amongst the youngest generation of queretanos and immigrants.
In response to this situation, we designed and built a residential complex located 18 km north of Queretaro's city center in an area called Jurica and Juriquilla, that was developed in the early 1970's as a high-level residential area. Like the rest of the city, its rapid growth has resulted in a high demand for compact vertical development as a model of urbanization.
The complex is composed of four towers, each 14 stories high, with a total of 226 residential apartments with a variety of layouts in order to satisfy an array of lifestyles and needs. These go from 90 m2 to 160 m2. These towers are strategically located within 3.3 ha. of land in order to, on the one hand, take advantage of the orientation, allowing for natural light and temperature control; and on the other, so no tower obstructs the views of the other apartments; thus, every apartment has long views of the beautiful landscape.
The beauty of the landscape is the result of leaving 35% of the plot unconstructed. This also offers great green areas which are an ecological way of managing rainfall. They also function as a green path that links the lower level program of each tower, such as the main entrance, parking, gym, spa, library, quiet room, multipurpose rooms and pool.
The facade is part of the building structure; it works as a perimetric concrete grid designed in a modular way which lowers costs and allows a faster construction. The supporting walls are the nucleus of the tower holding the elevators and dividing the apartments. The functional façade and construction system are ideal for the windy and seismic floor.